Electric dipole moment of 3He

Y. Avishai, M. Fabre De La Ripelle

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6 Scopus citations


The contribution of CP violating nucleon-nucleon interaction to the electric dipole moment of 3He is evaluated following a recent proposal for its experimental detection. Two models of CP violating interactions are used, namely, the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism and the occurrence of the θ term in the QCD lagrangian. These CP violating interactions are combined with realistic strong nucleon-nucleon interactions to induce a CP forbidden component of the 3He wave function. The matrix element of the electric dipole operator is then evaluated between CP allowed and CP forbidden components yielding the observable electric dipole moment. Using the parameters emerging from the penguin terms in the Kobayashi-Maskawa model we obtain a result much larger than the electric dipole moment of the neutron in the same model. On the other hand, no enhancement is found for the θ-term mechanism. A possible explanation for this difference is discussed. Numerical estimates can be given only in the Kobayashi-Maskawa model, giving d(3He) ≈ 10-30 e · cm. In the second mechanism, the estimate gives d(3He) ≈ 10-16θ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)578-592
Number of pages15
JournalNuclear Physics A
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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