Electric field assisted spray deposited MoO3 thin films as a hole transport layer for organic solar cells

Neha Chaturvedi, Sanjay Kumar Swami, Viresh Dutta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Spray deposition of molybdenum trioxide (MoO3) hole transport layer under a DC voltage (500 V and 1000 V) applied to the nozzle yielded orthorhombic phase of MoO3 (α-MoO3) with no other phases present. The films had uniform, compact surface morphology with reduced roughness, increased transmittance and band gap as compared to those for spray deposited MoO3 layer deposited without applying the DC voltage. In addition an increase in the work function was also observed possibly due to the change in the nanostructures formed on the surface. XPS result showed that the application of DC voltage during spray deposition reduced the oxygen vacancies. The reduced potential barrier height between MoO3 and P3HT layer can be useful in organic bulk-heterojunction solar cell (ITO/MoO3/P3HT:PCBM/Al). This was indeed proven by organic bulk-heterojunction solar cell fabricated using the electric field assisted spray deposited MoO3 layer yielding 2.71% power conversion efficiency with short circuit current density (JSC) of 10.0 mA cm−2, open circuit voltage (VOC) of 0.57 V and fill factor (FF) of 47.4%. The organic solar cell fabricated using electric field assisted spray deposited MoO3 layer showed an improved performance as compared to the standard spin coated solar cell.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-384
Number of pages6
JournalSolar Energy
Volume137
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electric field
  • Hole-transport layer
  • Organic solar cell
  • Spray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science (all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Electric field assisted spray deposited MoO3 thin films as a hole transport layer for organic solar cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this