Electrical conductivity in LDPE containing nanosized barium strontium titanate particles

Robert J. Fleming, Anne Ammala, Philip S. Casey, Sidney B. Lang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

dc conductivity and ac impedance measurements were made in vacuum on samples of low density polyethylene to which nano-sized BaSrTiO3 particles (60/40 barium/strontium ratio) and a dispersant had been added. The samples were 150-200 um thick. The temperature range was 30-70 °C. The vacuum dc conductivity in samples containing the dispersant and 10% w/w nanosized BaSrTiO3 was roughly one order of magnitude lower than that in a sample containing dispersant only. However, the vacuum dc conductivity did not follow an Arrhenius dependence on temperature closely in any of the samples, the activation energy decreasing from approximately 1.5 eV at 30 °C to approximately 0.9 eV at 70 °C. Addition of nanoparticles also reduced the conductivity at 30 °C in air, but only by a factor of 2-3. The ac impedance measurements were made in the frequency range 10 mHz - 100 kHz. Addition of 10% w/w nanoparticles increased Σ́' from roughly 2.34 to around 2.58 at 30 °C, in air and in vacuum. However, the corresponding increase in samples containing 0.4% w/w of the dispersant alone was from 2.34 to 2.49. In vacuum at 70 °C the dissipation factor (tan δ) in samples without dispersant or nanoparticles increased rapidly from approximately 0.001 at 1 Hz to 0.05 at 10 mHz. The corresponding increase in samples with dispersant and nanoparticles was much smaller. This increase was not observed at 30 °C, in vacuum or in air.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2008 Annual Report Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, CEIDP 2008
Pages371-374
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2008
Event2008 Annual Report Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, CEIDP 2008 - Quebec City, QC, Canada
Duration: 26 Oct 200829 Oct 2008

Publication series

NameAnnual Report - Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, CEIDP
ISSN (Print)0084-9162

Conference

Conference2008 Annual Report Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, CEIDP 2008
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityQuebec City, QC
Period26/10/0829/10/08

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