Electron microscopical investigation of as cast AZ91D alloy

A. A. Kaya, P. Uzan, D. Eliezer, E. Aghion

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42 Scopus citations


A detailed examination of a magnesium alloy, AZ91D, in as cast condition was carried out by using electron microscopy techniques. Particles of Al17Mg12, known as β and Al8Mn5 precipitates have been identified by electron diffraction. It was found that Al8Mn5 particles adopted coarse angular shapes, while β phase existed in several distinct morphologies, namely grain boundary blocky particles, lamella of the colonies of discontinuous precipitation, irregular ones in the α constituent of the cellular nodules, and two types of intragranular continuous precipitates, i.e. plates and plaques. The crystallographic relationships between the α and β constituents of the discontinuous precipitation, and between the intragranular β and the α matrix have also been determined. It was observed that the morphologies and the crystallographic relationship observed are identical to the one that was reported in the literature for an aged structure. Based on the dark field electron micrographs a model has been proposed to explain the lengthening of plates of β. Basic morphological differences between the structures of the ingot and aged AZ91 are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1001-1006
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Science and Technology
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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