Electron self-trapping at quantum and classical critical points

M. I. Auslender, M. I. Katsnelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using Feynman path integral technique estimations of the ground state energy have been found for a conduction electron interacting with order parameter fluctuations near quantum critical points. In some cases only singular perturbation theory in the coupling constant emerges for the electron ground state energy. It is shown that an autolocalized state (quantum fluctuon) can be formed and its characteristics have been calculated depending on critical exponents for both weak and strong coupling regimes. The concept of fluctuon is considered also for the classical critical point (at finite temperatures) and the difference between quantum and classical cases has been investigated. It is shown that, whereas the quantum fluctuon energy is connected with a true boundary of the energy spectrum, for classical fluctuon it is just a saddle-point solution for the chemical potential in the exponential density of states fluctuation tail.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1762-1789
Number of pages28
JournalAnnals of Physics
Volume321
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2006

Keywords

  • Dynamical scaling
  • Electron autolocalization
  • Energy band tails
  • Quantum critical point

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