Electron spin resonance-scanning tunneling microscopy

Alexander V. Balatsky, Mitsuaki Nishijima, Yishay Manassen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


Electron spin resonance-scanning tunneling microscopy (ESR-STM) is a rapidly developing surface-science technique that is sensitive to a single spin existing on or nearby a solid surface. The single spin is detected through elevated noise at the Larmor frequency that appears when the single spin participates in the tunneling process between the tip and the surface. In this review, experimental and theoretical works which have been performed up to date on ESR-STM are reviewed. The remaining experimental problems which have to be solved, possible approaches to differentiate between different mechanisms and the future of ESR-STM are discussed.\ PACS: 72.25.Dc Spin polarized transport in semiconductors, 72.70.×m Noise processes and phenomena, 73.20.Hb Impurity and defect levels; energy states of adsorbed species, 73.40.Gk Tunneling, 75.70.Rf Surface magnetism, 75.76.×j Spin transport effects, 76.30.-v Electron paramagnetic resonance and relaxation, 78.47.-p Spectroscopy of solid state dynamics

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-152
Number of pages36
JournalAdvances in Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2012


  • Electron spin resonance
  • Noise
  • Rf signal
  • Scanning tunneling microscopy
  • Single spin detection
  • Spectroscopy
  • Spin precession

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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