Electron transfer efficiency in liquid xenon across THGEM holes

G. Martínez-Lema, A. Roy, A. Breskin, L. Arazi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Dual-phase liquid-xenon time projection chambers (LXe TPCs) deploying a few tonnes of liquid are presently leading the search for WIMP dark matter. Scaling these detectors to 10-fold larger fiducial masses, while improving their sensitivity to low-mass WIMPs presents difficult challenges in detector design. Several groups are considering a departure from current schemes, towards either single-phase liquid-only TPCs, or dual-phase detectors where the electroluminescence region consists of patterned electrodes. Here, we discuss the possible use of Thick Gaseous Electron Multipliers (THGEMs) coated with a VUV photocathode and immersed in LXe as a building block in such designs. We focus on the transfer efficiencies of ionization electrons and photoelectrons emitted from the photocathode through the electrode holes and show experimentally that efficiencies approaching 100% can be achieved with realistic voltage settings. The observed voltage dependence of the transfer efficiencies is consistent with electron transport simulations once diffusion and charging-up effects are included.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberP01030
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2024


  • Charge transport and multiplication in liquid media
  • Charge transport, multiplication and electroluminescence in rare gases and liquids
  • Micropattern gaseous detectors (MSGC, GEM, THGEM, RETHGEM, MHSP, MICROPIC, MICROMEGAS, InGrid, etc)
  • Noble liquid detectors (scintillation, ionization, double-phase)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Mathematical Physics


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