Embryonic electronics

Daniel Mange, Moshe Sipper, Pierre Marchal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Within the general domain of bio-inspired computing, a particular trend over the past few years has been that of constructing actual hardware devices that are inspired by nature. This paper describes one such project-Embryonics (embryonic electronics)-inspired in particular by the process of embryogenesis. Our ultimate objective is the construction of large-scale integrated circuits, exhibiting the properties of self-repair (healing) and self-replication, found until now only in living beings. We present the silicon-based artificial cell, followed by a description of mechanisms operating at the cellular level: cellular differentiation, cellular division, regeneration, and replication. We then present the cell's composition as an ensemble of lower-level elements, known as 'molecules'. As electronic chips grow evermore complex, the need for self-repair capabilities will become increasingly crucial. The Embryonics approach represents one possible way of confronting this pivotal problem. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-152
Number of pages8
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Embryonics
  • Ontogeny
  • Self-repair
  • Self-replication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (all)
  • Applied Mathematics


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