Emergency department mortality: Fair and square

M. Saban, H. Patito, L. Zaretsky, R. Salama, A. Darawsha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective: This study explored the therapeutic approaches used for end-of-life (EOL) patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) and examined whether the decision to perform life-extending treatment (LET) or to allow natural death (AND) depends on patient characteristics, medical staff variables, and ED setting. Methods: A retrospective archive study was conducted from January 2015 to December 2017 in the ED of a tertiary hospital. The study sample were 674 EOL patients who had died in the ED. For each patient, data were collected and measured for dying process (LET vs. AND), patient characteristics, ED-setting variables, and medical-staff characteristics. Results: The proportion of EOL patients undergoing LET increased from 18.1% in 2015 to 25.9% in 2016 and to 30.3% in 2017 (p = .010), and a quarter of them were treated by emergency medical services. Males tended to receive LET more than females (p < .001). An association was found between Jewish physicians and nurses and AND (p = .001). Heavier workload in the ED and greater severity of the triage classification predicted more LET (OR-1.67, CI = 1.05–1.76, p = .003 and OR = 1.42, CI-0.60-0.81, p < .001, respectively). Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that patient characteristics contributed most crucially to the therapeutic approaches (C statistic 0.624–0.675, CI-0.62-0.71). Conclusions: The therapeutic approach used for EOL patients in the ED depends on variables in all three treatment layers: patient, medical staff, and ED setting. Applicable national programs should be developed to ensure that no external factors influence the dying-process decision.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1020-1024
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Emergency Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Allow natural death
  • Emergency department
  • End of life
  • Life-extending treatment
  • Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine


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