Emerging adulthood among backpackers: The contribution of internal and external factors to sense of community

Shlomit Weiss-Dagan, Drorit Levi, Tehila Refaeli, Haya Itzhaky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


During emerging adulthood, individuals are primarily concerned with themselves. Community participation, however, may help one to mature, and community belonging is important for well-being. As such, the current study aimed to examine these two components among young-adult Israeli backpackers abroad. We examined the role of personal (mastery, self-esteem, and posttraumatic growth) and environmental (family and friends' support) factors in sense of belonging and community participation. A cross-sectional sample survey was distributed; data were collected from 332 Israeli backpackers abroad. The findings based on t-tests, Pearson correlations, and hierarchical regression analysis showed that mastery was associated with sense of belonging, not with community participation. Self-esteem and posttraumatic growth were positively associated with both dependent variables. Friends' support was also positively associated with both dependent variables; family support was not significantly associated with either. Personal factors had the greatest association with sense of community.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2366-2382
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Community Psychology
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2021


  • backpackers
  • community participation
  • emerging adulthood
  • sense of belonging
  • sense of community

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


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