Encryption is Futile: Reconstructing 3D-Printed Models Using the Power Side-Channel

Jacob Gatlin, Sofia Belikovetsky, Yuval Elovici, Anthony Skjellum, Joshua Lubell, Paul Witherell, Mark Yampolskiy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Outsourced Additive Manufacturing (AM) exposes sensitive design data to external malicious actors. Even with end-to-end encryption between the design owner and 3D-printer, side-channel attacks can be used to bypass cyber-security measures and obtain the underlying design. In this paper, we develop a method based on the power side-channel that enables accurate design reconstruction in the face of full encryption measures without any prior knowledge of the design. Our evaluation on a Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) 3D Printer has shown 99 % accuracy in reconstruction, a significant improvement on the state of the art. This approach demonstrates the futility of pure cyber-security measures applied to Additive Manufacturing.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 2021 24th International Symposium on Research in Attacks, Intrusions and Defenses, RAID 2021
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages135-147
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781450390583
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Oct 2021
Event24th International Symposium on Research in Attacks, Intrusions and Defenses, RAID 2021 - Virtual, Online, Spain
Duration: 6 Oct 20218 Oct 2021

Publication series

NameACM International Conference Proceeding Series

Conference

Conference24th International Symposium on Research in Attacks, Intrusions and Defenses, RAID 2021
Country/TerritorySpain
CityVirtual, Online
Period6/10/218/10/21

Keywords

  • 3D Printing
  • Additive Manufacturing
  • IP Theft.
  • Intellectual Property Theft
  • Side-Channel Attack

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Software

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