Endemic cyprus scops owl otus cyprius readily breeds in artificial nest boxes

Savvas Iezekiel, Reuven Yosef, Constantinos Themistokleus, Dimitrios E. Bakaloudis, Christos G. Vlachos, Andreas Antoniou, Eandas Iezekiel, Malamati A. Papakosta, Jakub Z. Kosicki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


As is well-known, endemic island bird species are especially vulnerable to extinction from anthropogenic environmental change and reduced fitness compared with mainland taxa. The Cyprus Scops Owl, Otus cyprius, is a recently recognized island endemic species whose ecology and breeding biology have not been studied. It nests mainly in holes in trees and buildings, so the felling of old trees, modern architectural practices, and the renovation of old houses in villages may reduce nest site availability. Its population trend is also unknown. Therefore, to better determine its ecological requirements and habitat preferences we placed nest boxes in rural areas adjacent to the forest, in the forest, and in the ecotone between them, and used breeding success as our indicator of habitat suitability. We found that breeding parameters like laying date, clutch size, length of the incubation period, hatching day, hatching success, and number of nestlings did not differ between the three habitats. Despite the low level of nest box occupancy rate (5–11%) the endemic Cyprus Scops Owl readily breeds in artificial nests. Therefore, although we are unaware of any current threats to the Cyprus Scops Owl, we recommend that its conservation be prioritized, including studies, monitoring, habitat conservation, and the provision of nest boxes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1775
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2021


  • Cyprus
  • Island endemic
  • Nest box
  • Otus cyprius
  • Scops Owl

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Veterinary (all)


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