Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecules- (un)Attainable Targets for Nanomedicines

Nenad Milošević, Marie Rütter, Ayelet David

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Endothelial cell adhesion molecules have long been proposed as promising targets in many pathologies. Despite promising preclinical data, several efforts to develop small molecule inhibitors or monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) ended in clinical-stage failure. In parallel, many well-validated approaches for targeting CAMs with nanomedicine (NM) were reported over the years. A wide range of potential applications has been demonstrated in various preclinical studies, from drug delivery to the tumor vasculature, imaging of the inflamed endothelium, or blocking immune cells infiltration. However, no NM drug candidate emerged further into clinical development. In this review, we will summarize the most advanced examples of CAM-targeted NMs and juxtapose them with known traditional drugs against CAMs, in an attempt to identify important translational hurdles. Most importantly, we will summarize the proposed strategies to enhance endothelial CAM targeting by NMs, in an attempt to offer a catalog of tools for further development.

Original languageEnglish
Article number846065
JournalFrontiers in Medical Technology
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2022


  • active drug targeting
  • cancer
  • diagnosis
  • imaging
  • inflammation
  • vascular endothelial cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Medical Laboratory Technology
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology


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