## Abstract

We study a two-dimensional topological system driven out of equilibrium by the application of elliptically polarized light. In particular, we analyze the Bernevig-Hughes-Zhang model when it is perturbed using an elliptically polarized light of frequency ω described in general by a vector potential A(t)=(A0xcos(ωt),A0ycos(ωt+φ0)). Even for a fixed value of φ0, we can change the topological character of the system by changing the x and y amplitudes of the drive. We therefore find a rich topological phase diagram as a function of A0x, A0y, and φ0. In each of these phases, the topological invariant given by the Chern number is consistent with the number of spin-polarized states present at the edges of a nanoribbon.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 245401 |

Journal | Physical Review B |

Volume | 106 |

Issue number | 24 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 15 Dec 2022 |

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics