Enhanced production of acetoin and butanediol in recombinant Enterobacter aerogenes carrying Vitreoscilla hemoglobin gene

Hikmet Geckil, Ze'ev Barak, David M. Chipman, Sebnem O. Erenler, Dale A. Webster, Benjamin C. Stark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Microbial production of butanediol and acetoin has received increasing interest because of their diverse potential practical uses. Although both products are fermentative in nature, their optimal production requires a low level of oxygen. In this study, the use of a recombinant oxygen uptake system on production of these metabolites was investigated. Enterobacter aerogenes was transformed with a pUC8-based plasmid carrying the gene (vgb) encoding Vitreoscilla (bacterial) hemoglobin (VHb). The presence of vgb and production of VHb by this strain resulted in an increase in viability from 72 to 96 h in culture, but no overall increase in cell mass. Accumulation of the fermentation products acetoin and butanediol were enhanced (up to 83%) by the presence of vgb/VHb. This vgb/VHb related effect appears to be due to an increase of flux through the acetoin/butanediol pathway, but not at the expense of acid production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-330
Number of pages6
JournalBioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2004


  • Acetoin
  • Bacterial hemoglobin
  • Butanediol
  • Enterobacter aerogenes
  • Vitreoscilla hemoglobin


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