Enhanced wet air oxidation: Synergistic rate acceleration upon effluent recirculation

M. J. Birchmeier, Jr G. Hill, C. J. Houtman, R. H. Atalla, I. A. Weinstock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Wet air oxidation (WAO) reactions of cellobiose, phenol, and syringic acid were carried out under mild conditions (155 °C; 0.93 MPa O2; soluble catalyst, Na5[PV2Mo10O40]). Initial oxidation rates were rapid but decreased to small values as less reactive oxidation products accumulated. Recalcitrant Oxidation products were consumed more rapidly, however, if additional cellobiose or phenol was added, a procedure equivalent to recirculation of WAO-reactor effluent. A half-fraction, factorial investigation was used to correlate rate enhancement with individual experimental variables: using a two-level design, effluents from the WAO of cellobiose were combined with unreacted cellobiose and WAO resumed. The effluents were degraded more rapidly than could be accounted for by residence time alone. Correlations identified by the factorial investigation were consistent with oxidation of recalcitrant compounds by highly reactive intermediates generated during the initially rapid radical-chain autoxidation of unreacted cellobiose.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-64
Number of pages10
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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