Enhancement of third harmonic generation by wave vector mismatch to counter phase-modulation

M. Trippenbach, M. Matuszewski, E. Infeld, Cao Long Van, R. S. Tasgal, Y. B. Band

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Recent experimental developments in material sciences have generated hope that it will be possible to devise optical media where the difference in group velocity between the fundamental and third harmonic may be strongly suppressed. Under these circumstances both pulses would travel together over a long distance. This would lead to an enhancement of the generation process, and hence strong focusing and/or using ultra-short pulses might not be crucial. If the perfect phase matching condition is assumed, the only remaining mechanisms to decrease efficiency are self and cross phase modulation. Here we suggest that, instead of exactly matching wave vectors, we admit a small mismatch and show how it can be tailored to compensate for the cross phase modulation of the third harmonic by the fundamental during the generation process. This is very beneficial for the efficiency of third harmonic generation, even increasing it by a factor of two or more.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-395
Number of pages5
JournalOptics Communications
Issue number1-6
StatePublished - 2 Jan 2004


  • Mismatch
  • Third harmonic generation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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