Presence of entangled states is explicitly shown in a topological insulator (TI) Bi2Te3. The surface and bulk state are found to have different structures of entanglement. The surface states live as maximally entangled states in a four-dimensional subspace of total Hilbert space (spin, orbital, space). However, bulk states are entangled in the whole Hilbert space. Bulk states are found to be entangled maximally by controlled injection of electrons with momentum only along the z-direction. At quantum phase transition (QPT) point, both states become maximally entangled two qubit states.
- Topological insulator
- quantum phase transition
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics