Environmental effects of the livestock industry: The relationship between knowledge, attitudes, and behavior among students in Israel

Keren Dopelt, Pnina Radon, Nadav Davidovitch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The livestock industry has numerous and diverse impacts on the environment. In a cross-sectional study using an online questionnaire, 361 students were asked about their knowledge, attitudes, and behavior related to the environmental impact caused by livestock industry. The data were analyzed using correlations, t-tests for independent samples, and linear regression models. We found that students have almost no knowledge about the environmental impact of the food they consume, their attitudes are moderately pro-environmental, yet they are not strict about pro-environmental behavior. Students with higher levels of environmental knowledge demonstrated more pro-environmental attitudes and behavior; attitudes mediate the relationship between level of knowledge and behavior with respect to environmental pollution caused by the livestock industry. In addition, participants that rear/reared animals demonstrated more knowledge and pro-environmental attitudes and behavior, and women demonstrated more pro-environmental attitudes and behavior than men. There is a need to raise awareness of the environmental and health impacts caused by livestock industry. An introductory course on environmental science should be integrated into different academic study programs. Further research should be conducted among additional population sectors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1359
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Environmental pollution
  • Knowledge and attitudes
  • Livestock industry
  • Pro-environmental behavior
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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