Environmental impact of flame retardants (persistence and biodegradability)

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116 Scopus citations


Flame-retardants (FR) are a group of anthropogenic environmental contaminants used at relatively high concentrations in many applications. Currently, the largest market group of FRs is the brominated flame retardants (BFRs). Many of the BFRs are considered toxic, persistent and bioaccumulative. Bioremediation of contaminated water, soil and sediments is a possible solution for the problem. However, the main problem with this approach is the lack of knowledge concerning appropriate microorganisms, biochemical pathways and operational conditions facilitating degradation of these chemicals at an acceptable rate. This paper reviews and discusses current knowledge and recent developments related to the environmental fate and impact of FRs in natural systems and in engineered treatment processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)478-491
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2009


  • Biodegradation
  • Bioremediation
  • Brominated flame retardants
  • Dehalogenation
  • Flame retardants
  • Persistence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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