אפידמיולוגיה של זיהומים חודרניים שמהמופילוס אינפלואנצה B בבדואים וביהודים בנגב, לאחר חיסונים מוצמדים

Translated title of the contribution: Epidemiology of invasive Hemophilus influenzae B infections in Bedouins and Jews; conjugate Hib vaccines

לימור גורצק-אוזן, דרורה פריזר, רון דגן

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

From 1989 to 1996, 139 cases of invasive Hemophilus influenzae B (Hib) infections were identified in children in the Negev, 110 of which occurred before introduction of the conjugate vaccine (1989-92). At that time there were 60.5 cases of Hib per 100,000 in the Negev among children under 5 years of age. During 1995-1996, when Hib conjugate vaccine was part of the regular immunization program, Hib decreased to 6.5 cases per 100,000 in that age group. The effectiveness of PRP-OMP vaccine was 96.5% among Jews and 89% among Bedouins, and the efficacy of the immunization program was 99.99%. This degree of success exceeded all expectations based on the literature. During the whole study period, Hib infections were more frequent among Bedouins than Jews. There was no significant difference in the occurrence of Hib among Jews in the Negev before and after the vaccine was introduced. Hib among Bedouins in the Negev was significantly more frequent than in the Israeli population as a whole before the vaccine was introduced. That gap narrowed after the vaccine was introduced because of the decrease in morbidity among the 2 groups.
Translated title of the contributionEpidemiology of invasive Hemophilus influenzae B infections in Bedouins and Jews; conjugate Hib vaccines
Original languageHebrew
Pages (from-to)175-180
Number of pages6
Journalהרפואה
Volume135
Issue number5-6
StatePublished - Sep 1998

IHP Publication

  • ihp
  • Bedouins -- Health and hygiene -- Israel
  • Bedouins -- Services for -- Israel
  • Haemophilus influenzae
  • Vaccination of children
  • בדואים בישראל -- רווחה ובריאות
  • המופילוס אינפלואנזה
  • חיסון ילדים ותינוקות

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