Equilibrium electroconvective instability at a perfectly charge-selective solid, such as ion-exchange membrane or metal electrode, previously deemed impossible, is possible if one takes into account finite electrical conductivity of the solid. A simple model of electroconvective diffusion of ions in the depleted diffusion layer in this system predicts a supercritical transition to instability in the vicinity of the limiting current, as opposed to the subcritical transition for the previously studied nonequilibrium instability related to the extended space charge. The linear stability analysis in this model yields the division of the parameter space into domains in which each instability mechanism with its characteristic signatures dominates. Identification of the particular instability mechanism for a given system requires a detailed experimental study of the vicinity of the instability threshold in terms of both the voltage versus current dependence and flow visualization.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computational Mechanics
- Modeling and Simulation
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes