ESR-STM on diamagnetic molecule: C60 on graphene

Zion Hazan, Michael Averbukh, Yishay Manassen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Electron Spin Resonance-Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (ESR-STM) of C60 radical ion on graphene is a first demonstration of ESR-STM on diamagnetic molecules. ESR-STM signal at gaverage=2.0±0.1 was measured in accordance with macroscopic ESR of C60 radical ion. The ESR-STM signal was bias voltage dependent, as it reflects the charge state of the molecule. The signal appears in the bias voltage which enables the ionization of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) – creation of radical anion, and the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) – creation of a radical cation of the C60 molecule when it deposited on graphene. In parallel, ESR-STM signal at gaverage=1.7±0.1 was ascribed to Tungsten oxide (WO3) at the tip apex. In several experiments, triplet spectrum was observed, and we ascribed their origin to zero-field splitting of doubly ionized C120O-2 dimer, as argued in previous ESR experiments of C60 samples. Second possibility is hyperfine coupling with two 13C nuclei. In addition, we further validate the interference mechanism previously suggested for ESR-STM noise spectroscopy. The ability of ESR-STM to observe ESR of diamagnetic molecules in parallel with observing their electronic structure, provides a general single molecule identification technique.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107377
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2023


  • Single radical ions
  • Single spin detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry


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