Estimating evapotranspiration from the Sonoita Creek Watershed near Patagonia, Arizona

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

In a study that was proposed to evaluate the water balance of the Sonoita Creek watershed near Tucson, Arizona, monthly evapotranspiration was defined by Morton's conceptual approach for large areas. The objective of this study was to test the model. The available climatological data were solar radiation, dew point temperature, mean monthly temperature, and humidity. The model was evaluated by testing the relationship between potential and actual evapotranspiration in Africa. Data for Africa were found to be in agreement with the concept of a complementary relationship. When applied to a small watershed such as Sonoita Creek, the model performance was good on an annual basis and in the hot seasons. In the cold seasons, however, an alternative approach was used. Error analysis indicated that a major source of error lies in the fact that the model neglects the effect of surface moisture content on net radiation. It assumes a single value of net radiation for both the Priestley‐Taylor and Penman’s formulae. However, the assumption of a well‐watered surface, which is inherent in the first formula, must be associated with net radiation which is higher than that associated with Penman's formula. As a result, a maximum error as large as 52% of the annual evapotranspiration may occur.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)901-906
Number of pages6
JournalWater Resources Research
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology

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