Ethyl 2-cyano-2-(4-nitrophenylsulfonyloxyimino)acetate-mediated lossen rearrangement: Single-pot racemization-free synthesis of hydroxamic acids and ureas from carboxylic acids

Kishore Thalluri, Srinivasa Rao Manne, Dharm Dev, Bhubaneswar Mandal

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48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ethyl 2-cyano-2-(4-nitrophenylsulfonyloxyimino)acetate (4-NBsOXY) mediated Lossen rearrangement and its application for the synthesis of ureas is demonstrated. Required hydroxamic acids for the Lossen rearrangements were synthesized from carboxylic acids using the same reagent. Finally, reaction of an amine with the produced isocyanate resulted in urea. Good yields without racemization were achieved under milder and simpler reaction conditions. Reactions are compatible with common N-protecting groups, such as Boc, Fmoc, Cbz, and benzyl, as well as various OH protecting groups, such as tBu and Bzl. Conversion from carboxylic acid to urea is achieved in one pot. Most importantly, byproducts Oxyma [ethyl 2-cyano-2-(hydroxyimino)acetate] and 4-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid can be recovered easily and can be recycled to prepare the reagent. Thus, the method is environmentally friendly and cost-effective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3765-3775
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume79
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 May 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry

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