Evaluating global interest in biodiversity and conservation

Gabriel Henrique de Oliveira Caetano, Reut Vardi, Ivan Jarić, Ricardo A. Correia, Uri Roll, Diogo Veríssimo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The first target of the Convention for Biological Diversity (Aichi target 1) was to increase public awareness of the values of biodiversity and actions needed to conserve it—a key prerequisite for other conservation targets. Monitoring success in achieving this target at a global scale has been difficult; however, increased digitization of human life in recent decades has made it easier to measure people's interests at an unprecedented scale and allows for a more comprehensive evaluation of Aichi target 1 than previously attempted. We used Google search volume data for over a thousand search terms related to different aspects of biodiversity and conservation to evaluate global interest in biodiversity and its conservation. We also investigated the correlation of interest in biodiversity and conservation across countries to variables related to biodiversity, economy, demography, research, education, internet use, and presence of environmental organizations. From 2013 to 2020, global searches for biodiversity components increased, driven mostly by searches for charismatic fauna (59% of searches were for mammal species). Searches for conservation actions, driven mostly by searches for national parks, decreased since 2019, likely due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Economic inequality was negatively correlated with interest in biodiversity and conservation, whereas purchasing power was indirectly positively correlated with higher levels of education and research. Our results suggest partial success toward achieving Aichi target 1 in that interest in biodiversity increased widely, but not for conservation. We suggest that increased outreach and education efforts aimed at neglected aspects of biodiversity and conservation are still needed. Popular topics in biodiversity and conservation could be leveraged to increase awareness of other topics with attention to local socioeconomic contexts.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere14100
JournalConservation Biology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2023


  • Aichi targets
  • Convenio sobre la Diversidad Biológica
  • alcance de la conservación
  • conservation outreach
  • convention on biological diversity
  • culturomics
  • culturomía
  • google trends
  • interest in biodiversity
  • interest in conservation
  • interés en la biodiversidad
  • interés en la conservación
  • metas de Aichi
  • socioeconomic variables
  • tendencias de Google
  • variables socioeconómicas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation
  • Ecology


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