The use of Time-over-Threshold (TOT) for the discrimination between fast neutrons and gamma-rays is advantageous when large number of detection channels are required due to the simplicity of its implementation. However, the results obtained using TOT are usually inferior to those obtained using other pulse shape discrimination (PSD) methods. We present a novel approach for fast neutron/gamma-ray PSD using Constant-Fraction Time-over-Threshold (CF-TOT) pulse shape analysis. The method was evaluated using digitized waveforms from a liquid scintillator coupled to a photomultiplier tube as well as from a stilbene scintillator coupled to a photomultiplier tube and a silicon photomultiplier. The quality of neutron/gamma-ray discrimination was evaluated using Receiver Operator Characteristics curves and the results obtained with this approach were compared to the standard Constant Threshold Time-over-Threshold (CT-TOT) method. The novel CF-TOT PSD method results in >99.7% rejection of gamma-rays with ~80% neutron acceptance, significantly better than CT-TOT.
|State||Published - 4 Dec 2021|