Evaluation of thermal stability of cellulosomal hydrolases and their complex formation

Amaranta Kahn, Anastasia P. Galanopoulou, Dimitris G. Hatzinikolaou, Sarah Moraïs, Edward A. Bayer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Enzymatic breakdown of plant biomass is an essential step for its utilization in biorefinery applications, and the products could serve as substrates for the sustainable and environmentally friendly production of fuels and chemicals. Toward this end, the incorporation of enzymes into polyenzymatic cellulosome complexes—able to specifically bind to and hydrolyze crystalline cellulosic materials, such as plant biomass—is known to increase the efficiency and the overall hydrolysis performance of a cellulase system. Despite their relative abundance in various mesophilic anaerobic cellulolytic bacteria, there are only a few reports of cellulosomes of thermophilic origin. However, since various biorefinery processes are favored by elevated temperatures, the development of thermophilic designer cellulosomes could be of great importance. Owing to the limited number of thermophilic cellulosomes, designer cellulosomes, composed of mixtures of mesophilic and thermophilic components, have been constructed. As a result, the overall thermal profile of the individual parts and the resulting complex has to be extensively evaluated. Here, we describe a practical guide for the determination of temperature stability for cellulases in the cellulosome complexes. The approach is also appropriate for other related enzymes, notably xylanases as well as other glycoside hydrolases. We provide detailed experimental procedures for the evaluation of the thermal stability of the individual designer cellulosome components and their complexes as well as protocols for the assessment of complex integrity at elevated temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMethods in Molecular Biology
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Pages153-166
Number of pages14
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameMethods in Molecular Biology
Volume1796
ISSN (Print)1064-3745

Keywords

  • Cohesin–dockerin pair
  • Designer cellulosomes
  • Hydrolases
  • Plant biomass degradation
  • Scaffoldin
  • Thermal stability

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