Evaporative water loss in Kuhl's pipistrelles declines along an environmental gradient, from mesic to hyperarid

Cassandra Gearhart, Amanda M. Adams, Berry Pinshow, Carmi Korine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intraspecific variation in animal energy and water balances may play an important role in local adaptation of populations to specific habitats such as deserts. We examined Kuhl's pipistrelle (Pipistrellus kuhlii), a common bat in Israel that ranges in distribution from mesic Mediterranean to hyperarid desert habitats, for intraspecific differences in metabolic rate (MR) and evaporative water loss (EWL) among populations along a climatic gradient. We tested the prediction that EWL, especially at high ambient temperatures is lower in Kuhl's pipistrelles from desert habitats than from mesic habitats. We measured MR and total evaporative water loss (TEWL) at four ambient temperatures (10 °C, 20 °C, 30 °C and 35 °C) in three groups of bats using open-flow respirometry. We fitted the bats with a mask to separate cutaneous water loss (CWL) from respiratory water loss (RWL) at 35 °C. At 35 °C, mean TEWL in the southernmost group, from the hyperarid location, was significantly lower than in the other two groups, with no apparent difference in mean MR. The source of difference TEWL was that the southern group had significantly lower CWL than the other two groups; RWL did not differ among them. This suggests that there are mechanisms that reduce EWL from the skin of the bats; a likely candidate is modification of the lipids in the outer layer of the dermis that make the skin possibly less permeable to water as has been described in birds and a few other species of bat.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110587
JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A Molecular and Integrative Physiology
Volume240
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Bats
  • Climate gradient
  • Cutaneous water loss
  • Desert
  • Evaporative water loss
  • Populations
  • Respiratory water loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology

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