Evidence of oxygen defects mediated enhanced photocatalytic and antibacterial performance of ZnO nanorods

Jaspal Singh, Subhavna Juneja, Shatrudhan Palsaniya, Ashis K. Manna, R. K. Soni, Jaydeep Bhattacharya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations

Abstract

Defect engineered one-dimensional (1D) ZnO nanostructures have found great interest in diverse fields, including water detoxification and environmental remediation. In this article, we report a facile, low-temperature hydrothermal synthesis of defect enriched ZnO nanorods at different pH conditions. The dimension of all the synthesized ZnO nanostructures was restricted to 1D with changes only in their aspect ratios, unlike previous reports where change in morphology accompanies the effect of pH. With an increment in the pH value of the reaction mixture, oxygen defect concentration was controlled and confirmed using XPS and Raman spectroscopy. Considerable increase in optical light absorption and reduction in the bandgap, as inferred from the UV–vis study, corroborating the pH-dependent enrichment of defect states in 1D ZnO. Superior photosensitivity of oxygen defect rich ZnO nanorods was utilized to study their sunlight-induced photocatalytic and bactericidal activity towards its application in wastewater treatment. Within 4 h and 30 min of sunlight exposure (900 W/cm2), a 100% bacterial population (S.aureus, 106 cells/m) killing and complete degradation of methylene blue dye (10μM) were achieved. Enhanced reactive oxidative species (ROS) formation due to the presence of additional oxygen defect states is ascribed to be the prime factor facilitating improved degradation efficiency. Additionally, during the optimization study, ZnO nanorods were found to be active against bacterial cells even in the absence of light opening avenues in antimicrobial food packaging and protective surface coatings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110541
JournalColloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
Volume184
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antibacterial activity
  • Nanorod
  • Oxygen defect
  • Photocatalytic activity
  • ZnO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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