TY - JOUR

T1 - Exact first-order effect of interactions on the ground-state energy of harmonically-confined fermions

AU - Le Doussal, Pierre

AU - Smith, Naftali R.

AU - Argaman, Nathan

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
Copyright P. Le Doussal et al.

PY - 2024/8/1

Y1 - 2024/8/1

N2 - We consider a system of N spinless fermions, interacting with each other via a power-law interaction ε/rn, and trapped in an external harmonic potential V(r) = r2/2, in d = 1,2,3 dimensions. For any 0 < n < d + 2, we obtain the ground-state energy EN of the system perturbatively in (Formular Presented). We calculate (Formular Presented) exactly, assuming that N is such that the “outer shell” is filled. For the case of n = 1 (corresponding to a Coulomb interaction for d = 3), we extract the N ≫ 1 behavior of (Formular Presented), focusing on the corrections to the exchange term with respect to the leading-order term that is predicted from the local density approximation applied to the Thomas-Fermi approximate density distribution. The leading correction contains a logarithmic divergence, and is of particular importance in the context of density functional theory. We also study the effect of the interactions on the fermions’ spatial density. Finally, we find that our result for (Formular Presented) significantly simplifies in the case where n is even.

AB - We consider a system of N spinless fermions, interacting with each other via a power-law interaction ε/rn, and trapped in an external harmonic potential V(r) = r2/2, in d = 1,2,3 dimensions. For any 0 < n < d + 2, we obtain the ground-state energy EN of the system perturbatively in (Formular Presented). We calculate (Formular Presented) exactly, assuming that N is such that the “outer shell” is filled. For the case of n = 1 (corresponding to a Coulomb interaction for d = 3), we extract the N ≫ 1 behavior of (Formular Presented), focusing on the corrections to the exchange term with respect to the leading-order term that is predicted from the local density approximation applied to the Thomas-Fermi approximate density distribution. The leading correction contains a logarithmic divergence, and is of particular importance in the context of density functional theory. We also study the effect of the interactions on the fermions’ spatial density. Finally, we find that our result for (Formular Presented) significantly simplifies in the case where n is even.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85200909221&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.21468/SciPostPhys.17.2.038

DO - 10.21468/SciPostPhys.17.2.038

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85200909221

SN - 2542-4653

VL - 17

JO - SciPost Physics

JF - SciPost Physics

IS - 2

M1 - 038

ER -