## Abstract

The b-Exact Multicover problem takes a universe U of n elements, a family F of m subsets of U, a function dem: U→ { 1 , … , b} and a positive integer k, and decides whether there exists a subfamily(set cover) F^{′} of size at most k such that each element u ∈ U is covered by exactly dem(u) sets of F^{′}. The b-Exact Coverage problem also takes the same input and decides whether there is a subfamily F^{′}⊆ F such that there are at least k elements that satisfy the following property: u ∈ U is covered by exactly dem(u) sets of F^{′}. Both these problems are known to be NP-complete. In the parameterized setting, when parameterized by k, b-Exact Multicover is W[1]-hard even when b = 1. While b-Exact Coverage is FPT under the same parameter, it is known to not admit a polynomial kernel under standard complexity-theoretic assumptions, even when b = 1. In this paper, we investigate these two problems under the assumption that every set satisfies a given geometric property π. Specifically, we consider the universe to be a set of n points in a real space ℝ^{d}, d being a positive integer. When d = 2 we consider the problem when π requires all sets to be unit squares or lines. When d > 2, we consider the problem where π requires all sets to be hyperplanes in ℝ^{d}. These special versions of the problems are also known to be NP-complete. When parameterized by k, the b-Exact Coverage problem has a polynomial size kernel for all the above geometric versions. The b-Exact Multicover problem turns out to be W[1]-hard for squares even when b = 1, but FPT for lines and hyperplanes. Further, we also consider the b-Exact Max. Multicover problem, which takes the same input and decides whether there is a set cover F^{′} such that every element u ∈ U is covered by at least dem(u) sets and at least k elements satisfy the following property: u ∈ U is covered by exactly dem(u) sets of F^{′}. To the best of our knowledge, this problem has not been studied before, and we show that it is NP-complete (even for the case of lines). In fact, the problem turns out to be W[1]-hard in the general setting, when parameterized by k. However, when we restrict the sets to lines and hyperplanes, we obtain FPT algorithms.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 89-113 |

Number of pages | 25 |

Journal | Theory of Computing Systems |

Volume | 66 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1 Feb 2022 |

Externally published | Yes |

## Keywords

- FPT
- Geometric sets
- Multicovering problems
- Polynomial kernels

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Theoretical Computer Science
- Computational Theory and Mathematics