Examining school-related delinquencies, extracurricular activities, and grades in adolescents

Igor Himelfarb, Andrew Lac, Hadar Baharav

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Using the theoretical framework of risk and resiliency, the study estimated the contribution of five school-related delinquencies (behaviour problems, schoolwork problems, out-of-school suspension, in-school suspension and grade retention) and seven extracurricular activities (arts, sports, clubs, tutoring, volunteering, religious involvement and scouts) on the report card grades of students. An adolescent sample (N = 2070) from the US National Household Education Survey was examined. A three-step hierarchical multiple regression found that the protective effects of extracurricular activities remained predictive of better grades, even after controlling for the risks of school-related delinquencies. The extracurricular activity of arts best predicted better grades, but the school-related delinquency of schoolwork problems best predicted worse grades. The discussion focuses on the implications of increasing resilience by promoting extracurricular involvement and combating the risk of school delinquencies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-97
Number of pages17
JournalEducational Studies
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • academic achievement
  • adolescents
  • delinquencies
  • education
  • extracurricular activities
  • grades
  • risk and resilience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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