Exchange-based noise spectroscopy of a single precessing spin with scanning tunnelling microscopy

A. V. Balatsky, Yishay Manassen, Ran Salem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Electron spin resonance-scanning tunnelling microscopy is an emerging technique which is capable of detecting the precession of a single spin. We discuss a mechanism based on direct exchange coupling between the tunnelling electrons and the local precessing spin S. We claim that, since the number of tunnelling electrons in a single precessing period is small (about 20), one may expect a net temporary polarization within this period which will couple via exchange interaction to the localized spin. This coupling will modulate the tunnelling barrier with the Larmor frequency of the precessing spin ωL. This modulation, although randomly changing from cycle to cycle, will produce an elevated noise in the current at ωL. We find that for relevant values of parameters the signal-to-noise ratio in the spectral characteristic is 2–4 and is comparable with the values of the signal-to-noise ratio reported by Manassen and co-workers and by Durkan and Welland. The magnitude of the current fluctuation is a relatively weak increasing function of the dc and the magnetic field. The linewidth produced by the back action effect of tunnelling electrons on the precessing spin is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1291-1298
Number of pages8
JournalPhilosophical Magazine B: Physics of Condensed Matter; Statistical Mechanics, Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Properties
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (all)
  • Physics and Astronomy (all)


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