Experimental and computational study of pressure pulsation in a centrifugal pump

Serguei Timouchev, Gal DeBotton, Avi Reznik

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

A centrifugal pump of high specific speed with a diagonal type of impeller flow is studied experimentally and numerically. 2D and 3D numerical methods are used with applying acoustics - vortex equations. Measurements show that in the beginning of the volute, in the pseudo-sound zone, the amplitude of the Blade Passing Frequency (BPF) spectral component is higher than the one at the pump's outlet by an order of magnitude. The 3-Dimensional analysis gives a good agreement with experimental data while the 2D prediction underestimate the BPF amplitude in the beginning of volute but provides the correct value at the outlet of the pump. The flow patterns in the impeller and volute of such a pump have essentially 3D pattern. A strong unsteady 3D spiral motion of the fluid takes place in the beginning of the volute. It produces powerful pseudo-sound perturbations. The amplitude of pressure pulsation reduces rapidly downstream to the level of acoustical oscillation in the form of plane wave. It is concluded that experimental validation confirms that 2-Dimensional method can be used for prediction of propagating acoustical oscillation but it underestimates the amplitude of pseudo-sound oscillation in the volute. In this zone the new 3-Dimensional method must be used for centrifugal pumps with high specific speed level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages1897-1904
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2003
EventProceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Sound and Vibration - Stockholm, Sweden
Duration: 7 Jul 200310 Jul 2003

Conference

ConferenceProceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Sound and Vibration
Country/TerritorySweden
CityStockholm
Period7/07/0310/07/03

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