Experimental and numerical investigation on the dynamic increase factor of tensile strength in concrete

David Levi-Hevroni, Eytan Kochavi, Boaz Kofman, Shimon Gruntman, Oren Sadot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


A unique design for a vertical tension split Hopkinson bar (TSHB) with steel bars 100 mm in diameter and an aluminum hammer is presented. This facility was used to investigate the behavior of concrete under dynamic tension. Experiments conducted with specially shaped concrete samples demonstrate that the testing system is capable of accurately depicting the dynamic tensile strength of concrete. The experimental data were used to calibrate three concrete material models implemented in the numerical code LS-DYNA: (1) The Karagozian & Case (K&C) concrete damage model (*MAT_072R3), (2) the 072-BGU version of the K&C damage model, and (3) the continuous smooth cap model (*MAT_CSCM, *MAT_159). It was found that the automatic generation option included in these models does not provide satisfactory results. However, by readjusting only a few parameters of each of these material models, very good agreement between experimental and numerical results was achieved. This paper outlines the necessary calibration process and its theoretical background.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-104
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Impact Engineering
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2018


  • Concrete material models
  • Dynamic testing
  • Numerical modeling
  • Tensile split Hopkinson bar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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