Experimental and numerical study of shock wave interaction with perforated plates

A. Britan, A. V. Karpov, E. I. Vasilev, O. Igra, G. Ben-Dor, E. Shapiro

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41 Scopus citations

Abstract

The flow developed behind shock wave transmitted through a screen or a perforated plat is initially highly unsteady and nonuniform. It contains multiple shock reflections and interactions with vortices shed from the open spaces of the barrier. The present paper studies experimentally and theoretically/numerically the flow and wave pattern resulted from the interaction of an incident shock wave with a few different types of barriers, all having the same porosity but different geometries. It is shown that in all investigated cases the flow downstream of the barrier can be divided into two different zones. Due immediately behind the barrier, where the flow is highly unsteady and nonuniform in the other, placed further downstream from the barrier, the flow approaches a steady and uniform state. It is also shown that most of the attenuation experienced by the transmitted shock wave occurs in the zone where the flow is highly unsteady. When solving the flow developed behind the shock wave transmitted through the barrier while ignoring energy losses (i.e., assuming the fluid to be a perfect fluid and therefore employing the Euler equation instead of the Navier-Stokes equation) leads to non-physical results in the unsteady flow zone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-409
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Volume126
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2004

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