## Abstract

The sudden release of a quantity of gas into the atmospheric boundary layer produces a contaminant cloud. The expected mass fraction function provides a relatively simple measure of the contaminant concentration values found within the cloud and represents the ensemble-averaged fraction of the conserved release mass found at the different contaminant concentration intervals as the cloud evolves. The plume generated by a line source in grid turbulence is used to investigate the expected mass fraction function as it applies to scalar concentration values found on a typical line normal to the plume axis. Simultaneous particle image velocimetry and planar laser induced fluorescence are used to measure velocity and concentration fields, respectively. The measured expected mass fraction functions are observed to be approximately self-similar when concentration values are normalized by the centreline mean concentration. The moments of the expected mass fraction function are observed to be simply related to the centreline moments of the probability density function of scalar concentration. Arguments based on a source fluid, non-source fluid decomposition of the scalar probability density function are used to explain these observations. The results are compared with the theoretical and experimental results established for a line source of scalar in grid turbulence.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 167-185 |

Number of pages | 19 |

Journal | Boundary-Layer Meteorology |

Volume | 137 |

Issue number | 2 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 23 Jul 2010 |

## Keywords

- Expected mass fraction
- Moments
- Particle image velocimetry
- Planar laser induced fluorescence
- Probability density function
- Turbulent mixing

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Atmospheric Science