Experimental pressure drop analysis for horizontal dilute phase particle-fluid flows

Ron Naveh, Naveen Mani Tripathi, Haim Kalman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Prediction of horizontal pressure drop in dilute phase pneumatic conveying or slurry transport is among the fundamental issues of designing these systems. In this work a thorough literature survey demonstrates that there is no consensus on an integrative solution for conveying pressure drop, therefore a large data base of conveying systems' operating points at dilute phase is established and analyzed. It includes measurements taken at our 52 mm bore laboratory pneumatic conveying line, as well as thousands of data points collected from the literature. Two modelling approaches are attempted – the first is frictional representation based on dimensional analysis, which presents linear dependency between the pressure drop and the superficial fluid velocity normalized by the minimum pressure velocity of the transport curve. It had also been found that the pressure drop increase rate has a strong dependency on the Archimedes number. The second approach is an energy balance between the power of the drag force applied to the particles and the additional power required to drive the fluid due to particle presence. Unlike the common expressions, a modification to the drag coefficient is suggested, which takes into account pipe turbulence and particle acceleration. The two presented models do not require pilot plant calibration, and an applicability of one of them to slurry transport is demonstrated. Some future research routes are offered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-368
Number of pages14
JournalPowder Technology
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2017


  • Dilute phase
  • Drag coefficient
  • Pneumatic conveying
  • Pressure drop
  • Slurry transport


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