Experimental study of turbulent thermal diffusion of particles in inhomogeneous and anisotropic turbulence

E. Elmakies, O. Shildkrot, N. Kleeorin, A. Levy, I. Rogachevskii, A. Eidelman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


We experimentally studied the turbulent thermal diffusion of small particles in inhomogeneous and anisotropic stably stratified turbulence produced by one oscillating grid in the air flow. The velocity fields have been measured using Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). We have determined various turbulence characteristics: the mean and turbulent velocities, two-point correlation functions of the velocity field, and an integral scale of turbulence from the measured velocity fields. The temperature field has been measured with a temperature probe equipped with 12 E thermocouples. Spatial distributions of micrometer-sized particles have been determined by a PIV system using the effect of the Mie light scattering by particles in the flow. The experiments have demonstrated that particles are accumulated at the minimum of mean fluid temperature due to the phenomenon of turbulent thermal diffusion. Using measured spatial distributions of particles and temperature fields, we have determined the effective turbulent thermal diffusion coefficient of particles in inhomogeneous temperature-stratified turbulence. This experimental study has clearly detected the phenomenon of turbulent thermal diffusion in inhomogeneous turbulence.

Original languageEnglish
Article number055125
Number of pages12
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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