Experimental study of turbulent thermal diffusion of particles in an inhomogeneous forced convective turbulence

E. Elmakies, O. Shildkrot, N. Kleeorin, A. Levy, I. Rogachevskii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigate experimentally the phenomenon of turbulent thermal diffusion of micrometer-size solid particles in an inhomogeneous convective turbulence forced by one vertically oriented oscillating grid in an air flow. This effect causes the formation of large-scale inhomogeneities in particle spatial distributions in a temperature-stratified turbulence. We perform detailed comparisons of the experimental results with those obtained in our previous experiments with an inhomogeneous and anisotropic stably stratified turbulence produced by a one oscillating grid in the air flow. Since the buoyancy increases the turbulent kinetic energy for convective turbulence and decreases it for stably stratified turbulence, the measured turbulent velocities for convective turbulence are larger than those for stably stratified turbulence. This tendency is also seen in the measured vertical integral turbulent length scales. Measurements of temperature and particle number density spatial distributions show that particles are accumulated in the vicinity of the minimum of the mean temperature due to the phenomenon of turbulent thermal diffusion. This effect is observed in both convective and stably stratified turbulence, where we find the effective turbulent thermal diffusion coefficient for micrometer-size particles. The obtained experimental results are in agreement with theoretical predictions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number095123
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Volume35
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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