An unbounded energy growth of particles bouncing off two-dimensional (2D) smoothly oscillating polygons is observed. Notably, such billiards have zero Lyapunov exponents in the static case. For a special 2D polygon geometry-a rectangle with a vertically oscillating horizontal bar-we show that this energy growth is not only unbounded but also exponential in time. For the energy averaged over an ensemble of initial conditions, we derive an a priori expression for the rate of the exponential growth as a function of the geometry and the ensemble type. We demonstrate numerically that the ensemble averaged energy indeed grows exponentially, at a close to the analytically predicted rate-namely, the process is controllable.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics