Extending the lower bound of attainable load-independent voltage gain values range in contactless, feedbackless and sensorless power delivery links

Andrey Vulfovich, Alon Kuperman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It is well-known that series(capacitive)-series(capacitive) compensated inductive wireless power transfer links (SS(CC)-IWPTL) operating at fixed frequency with constant coupling coefficient may be designed to attain arbitrary load independent voltage gain (LIVG) value, residing within a region defined only by loosely coupled transformer (LCT) parameters. Such a characteristic allows designing the system to be sensorless and operate without feedback, which is an extremely useful feature in hostile environment applications. Unfortunately, LCT parameters are not selected arbitrarily in practice; hence, the desired LIVG value may reside outside the attainable region, calling for an additional power conversion stage. In particular, region of attainable LIVG values is especially narrow when LCT inductances ratio is imposed by the application and thus cannot be freely selected. One of existing challenges is regulating the system output to low DC voltage while it is being fed from a much higher valued voltage source, i.e. calling for an extremely low LIVG value. The paper demonstrates that adopting an inductor rather than a capacitor as primary series compensation element allows to extend the lower bound of attainable LIVG values region for given LCT and operating frequency, potentially eliminating the need for an additional step-down power converter. Resulting coil-to-coil efficiency is quantified and guidelines for sizing corresponding compensation elements pair are established as well. Simulations and experiments accurately verify the proposed methodology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number130693
JournalEnergy
Volume293
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Apr 2024

Keywords

  • Compensation elements
  • Inductive wireless power transfer
  • Load-independent voltage gain
  • Series-series compensation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Building and Construction
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Energy
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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