Fabrication of electrochemical sensor based on green reduction of graphene oxide for an antimigraine drug, rizatriptan benzoate

Nagappa L. Teradal, Prashanth S. Narayan, Ashis K. Satpati, Jaldappagari Seetharamappa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


In this paper, electrochemically reduced graphene oxide modified glassy carbon electrode (ErGO/GCE) was proposed as the electrochemical sensing platform for an antimigraine drug, rizatriptan benzoate (RZB). The synthesized graphene oxide material was characterized by XRD, SEM, FTIR, AFM and UV-spectroscopic techniques. Cyclic and differential voltammetric techniques were employed to study the electrochemical responses of RZB at ErGO/GCE and bare GCE. RZB exhibited an irreversible oxidation peak at both modified and bare GCE. Electrochemical studies indicated that the ErGO/GCE greatly enhanced the oxidation signal of RZB. The oxidation peak position was shifted towards negative direction on the modified electrode compared to that at bare GCE. The electrochemical sensor response was optimized by exploring the effect of pH, accumulation time and scan rate on voltammetric behavior of RZB. Further, the experimental results demonstrated that the oxidation peak current of RZB increased linearly in the concentration range of 0.01-40 μM with three sigma detection limit of 0.0571 μM. The modified electrode showed higher sensitivity, selectivity and remarkable reproducibility for electrochemical response of RZB. Finally, the proposed electrochemical sensor was successfully applied for the assay of RZB in pharmaceutical formulations and analyte fortified serum samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)596-603
Number of pages8
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Electrochemical sensor
  • Electroreduced graphene oxide
  • Pharmaceutical formulations
  • Rizatriptan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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