Facile gamma radiolytic methodology for TiO2-rGO synthesis: Effect on photo-catalytic H2 evolution

Bhavana Gupta, Ambrose A. Melvin, Tom Matthews, S. Dhara, S. Dash, A. K. Tyagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


TiO2 (P25) decorated reduced graphene oxide (rGO) is synthesized by γ-radiolytic technique using water-ethanol solvent medium. Visible light absorption was confirmed by UV-Visible spectroscopy. Photoluminescence (PL) study revealed a decline in electron-hole recombination rate signalled by a sharp fall in luminescence of TiO2. Under such scenario, electron transfer from TiO2 conduction band to the conjugated sheet becomes a preferred pathway in the presence of rGO, which is further confirmed by photocurrent measurement. TiO2 -rGO composite with 1 wt. % rGO was found to be the best composition in terms of visible light absorption, while retaining TiO2 crystallinity. Transmission electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopic studies confirmed the coating of rGO sheet with TiO2 nanoparticles. TiO2 -rGO was found to show about 150 times higher photocatalytic H2 generation under 250 W UV-Visible light irradiation than pristine TiO2. In addition to this, TiO2 -rGO composite shows hydrogen production yield of 35 μmol/h.g under visible light (λ = 400 nm) irradiation. Thus γ-radiolysis can be considered to be a viable technique, which helps in synthesizing photocatalytically active nanocomposite with high H2 evolution rate. In the light of these interesting aspects, a detail investigation is carried out to study the effect of rGO concentration and illumination time on photocatalytic yield.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5815-5823
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number17
StatePublished - 11 May 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • H production
  • Photocatalysis
  • Reduced graphene oxide
  • TiO
  • γ-radiolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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