Factors predicting re-referral following crisis intervention for community-based persons with developmental disabilities and behavioral and psychiatric disorders

Ilana Shoham-Vardi, Philip W. Davidson, Nancy N. Cain, Jean E. Sloane-Reeves, Virginia E. Giesow, Linda E. Quijano, Kyle D. Houser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Characteristics of 98 clients re-referred to receive services from a community-based crisis intervention program were compared to those of program clients who were served during the same 5.25-year period who were not referred. The majority of re-referrals occurred because of the same challenging behavior causing initial referral. Eight-eight percent of re- referral clients received the additional referral by 2 years after initial discharge. For persons under 30, nonfamily residence and initial diagnosis of self-injurious behavior were the strongest predictors. For those over 30, the most important factor was aggression. Recidivism following crisis intervention appears to be a complex function of client characteristics and community capabilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-117
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal on Mental Retardation
Volume101
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Sep 1996

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