Familial Mediterranean fever is associated with increased risk for ischaemic heart disease and mortality–Perspective derived from a large database

Omer Gendelman, Raz Shapira, Shmuel Tiosano, Elon Pras, Doron Comaneshter, Arnon Cohen, Howard Amital

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Aims of the study: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a hereditary, auto-inflammatory disease, characterised by recurrent, self-limiting attacks of fever with inflammation of the serosal membranes, joints, and skin. Chronic inflammation was previously associated with increased risk for ischaemic heart disease (IHD). However, the association between FMF and IHD remains unclear. The objective of this study is to determine whether this association exists. Methods: Utilising the database of the largest health-care provider in Israel, a cross-sectional study was performed. The incidence of IHD was compared between patients diagnosed with FMF and age and sex-matched controls. Chi-square and t-test were used for categorial and continuous variables, and cox logistics regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Survival analysis was made using Kaplan-Meier plots and log-rank test. Results: The study included 7670 patients diagnosed with FMF and an equal number of controls without FMF. In a univariate analysis FMF was found to be associated with higher prevalence of IHD (OR 1.33) and increased mortality (OR 1.29). In a multivariate analysis FMF was found to be independently associated with increased risk for IHD (OR 1.44). Conclusion: The study shows that FMF is associated with both increased risk for IHD and higher mortality rates. An early diagnosis and treatment of this disease can potentially improve patients’ life expectancy and decrease cardiac comorbidities.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere13473
    JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Practice
    Volume74
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 May 2020

    Keywords

    • FMF
    • auto-inflammatory disease
    • comorbidity
    • coronary heart disease
    • ischaemic heart disease

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