Fast Neutron Measurement System Using Prompt Gamma Neutron Activation Solid Converter: Monte Carlo Study

Jonathan Walg, Itzhak Orion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Measuring fast neutron emission around accelerators is important for purposes of environmental monitoring and radiation safety. It is necessary to detect two types of neutrons: thermal and fast. Fast neutron spectroscopy is commonly employed using a hydrogen-recoil proportional-counter; however, its threshold is 2 MeV. The aim of this study was to expand PGNA converters based on KCl to fulfil the need to detect neutron energies ranging from 0.02 MeV to 3 MeV. In our previous research, we established a counting system comprised of a large converter of KCl with a NaI(Tl) gamma radiation spectrometer. The KCl converter is efficient for fast neutron prompt gamma emission. The potassium naturally includes a radioisotope that emits 1.460 MeV gamma rays. The presence of the constant level of 1.460 MeV gamma ray counts offers an advantage, providing a stable background for the detector. The study was carried out using MCNP simulations of the counting system with a variety of PGNA converters based on KCl. We concluded that KCl mixtures combined with other elements, such as PGNA converters, demonstrated improved detection performance for fast neutron emissions. Furthermore, an explication of how to add materials to KCl to provide a proper converter for fast neutrons was introduced.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4133
JournalSensors
Volume23
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2023

Keywords

  • KCl
  • MCNP
  • PGNA
  • accelerator
  • converter
  • radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Biochemistry

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