Fear, functioning, and coping during exposure to a continuous security threat

Orit Nuttman-Shwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


This study focused on the contribution of fear to mediating stress, as manifested in general stress reactions and impaired functioning resulting from exposure to a continuous security threat among 451 students from a college located in a confrontation zone. The findings indicated that the contribution of fear reactions was more significant than actual exposure. Married participants felt higher levels of fear than did single participants, and women were able to function despite their fear. In addition, coping patterns were both directly and indirectly related to all stress measures. The results are discussed in light of the literature on stress reactions, and practical recommendations for working in continuous threat situations are proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-277
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Loss and Trauma
Issue number3
StatePublished - 11 Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Continuous trauma
  • Fear
  • Impaired functioning
  • Ongoing exposure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychiatric Mental Health
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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