Feasibility and efficacy of repeated hysteroscopic cesarean niche resection

Shlomo B. Cohen, Roy Mashiach, Alexandra Baron, Motti Goldenberg, Eyal Schiff, Raoul Orvieto, Jerome Bouaziz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Objective Cesarean-induced niche can cause symptoms such as abnormal postmenstrual bleeding, pain and associated infertility. Hysteroscopic niche resection is usually a successful treatment, but can result in a failure to improve symptoms or symptoms can recur. In the present study we aim to evaluate the feasibility, effectiveness, and safety of a second hysteroscopic niche resection for patients in whom an initial hysteroscopic resection failed to improve symptoms. Study design This retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2) hospital tell hashomer (tertiary center) included all patients who underwent a second hysteroscopic niche resection between 2011 and 2015. Measurements:Fertility,obstetric outcomes, clinical outcome and complications were compared between the first surgery and the second Results Eight patients underwent a second hysteroscopy after failure of the first hysteroscopy to resolve symptoms or after recurrence of symptoms. Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) was the most common symptom, occurring in all patients. The average number of days of bleeding per cycle were significantly reduced following the second surgery [14.50 (range 8-21 days) vs 11.75 (range 8-20 days), respectivelyp = 0.009]. The second surgery improved symptoms in 6 out of the 8 patients with AUB and 1 of 2 patients with pain. There were no significant differences in fertility and obstetric outcomes between the first and the second surgery and no complications were reported during any of the surgeries. Conclusion Reintervention with a second hysteroscopic niche resection is both feasible and effective treatment option following a failed first attempt or recurrence of symptoms. The second surgery improved symptoms, especially AUB, with no consequent detrimental effect on obstetric outcomes on our series.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-17
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Hysteroscopy
  • Isthmocele
  • Niche
  • Second hysteroscopic niche resection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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